At MIT, in the Hayden library, we had about 50,000 books that deal with the development of the universe: cosmology, chemistry, thermodynamics, paleontology, archaeology, the high-energy physics of creation.
At Harvard, at the Weidner library, they probably have 200,000 books on these same topics. Don't expect that by a simple reading of those sentences you'll know every detail that is held within the text.
It's obvious that we have to dig deeper to get the information out.
The idea of having to dig deeper is not a rationalization. 2) tells us that from the opening sentence of the Bible, through the beginning of Chapter Two, the entire text is given in parable form, a poem with a text and a subtext.
Universe with a Beginning In 1959, a survey was taken of leading American scientists.
Among the many questions asked was, "What is your concept of the age of the universe?
(I refuse to use modern Biblical commentary because it already knows modern science, and is always influenced by that knowledge.
So there's no possibility of Hubble or any other modern scientific data influencing these concepts.Now, again, put yourself into the mindset of 1500 years ago, the time of the Talmud. You think that 1500 years ago they thought that God couldn't make it all in 6 days? We have a problem today with cosmology and scientific data.But 1500 years ago, what's the problem with 6 days for an infinitely powerful God? So when the Sages excluded these six days from the calendar, and said that the entire text is parable, it wasn't because they were trying to apologize away what they'd seen in the local museum. The fact is that a close reading of the text makes it clear that there's information hidden and folded into layers below the surface."There was evening and morning" is an exotic, bizarre, unusual way of describing time. From Adam forward, the flow of time is totally human in concept.Once you come from Adam, the flow of time is totally in human terms. But prior to that time, it's an abstract concept: "Evening and morning." It's as if you're looking down on events from a viewpoint that is not intimately related to them.